When we are in the market for new skin or makeup products, the first thing we will usually be asked is what our skin type is. This can be hard to assess for some people, particularly as skin types can range in multiple forms; combination, dry, sensitive, or mature; the types can seem quite baffling. In some cases, skin can also be defined as two forms i.e. both mature skin and dry skin.
Luckily for you, I have simplified the different types below so you can easily identify which would apply to your skin type. Remember, you may have one or two types, so here goes…
Type 1: Dry skin
If you suffer from dry skin, your skin will appear dry and flaky. This means that your skin lacks moisture and the fat cells required (lipids), which makes your skin elastic and suppler. Dry skin can often be caused by extreme weather conditions such as dry, hot heat and sometimes the chemicals contained in certain skin products. Dry skin can lead to itchiness, crackling and even become quite sore like dermatitis, if not treated.
SOLUTION: There are great restorative and hydration creams available that can be used to help restore the moisture of your skin and strengthen the protective barriers. Drinking plenty of water will also assist to ensure your skin’s moisture is well balanced. The recommendation is to drink at least 2 litres of water a day.
If you find that you only suffer from dry skin in the winter months, I would recommend a serum as a perfect addition to your daily skin care routine for the colder season for extra protection.
Type 2: Combination skin
Combination skin tends to have two skin types across the face: normal to dry skin around the cheeks and eye areas and oily skin around the T-zone of the forehead, nose and chin. Combination skin tends to shine and form blemishes, particularly in the oily T-zones. This can cause difficulties in your skincare routine as you need to find appropriate products to look after all areas of the face.
SOLUTION: To treat your oily T-zone, whilst ensuring the dry areas do not dry out further, you need to start off your daily skin care routine with a delicate cleanser, and finish off with an oil-free moisturiser. You should also use a gentle facial scrub and treat your skin to a face mask once a month to draw out the impurities of combination skin.
Skin type 3: Normal Skin
If you are fortunate enough to have soft and supple skin, fine or no pores then your skin type is likely to be a normal. You skin has the exact right levels of moisture it needs to keep it looking healthy and young. To ensure you keep it this way, I recommend on using sun protection and products with SPF. As with other skin types, it’s important to still cleanse and moisturise your face every day, and deeply exfoliating once a week.
SOLUTION: You’ve got it all under control, just keep doing what you’re doing
Skin type 4: Sensitive skin
Stress, dry air, UV lights and sometimes hormones can all be the cause of sensitive skin. Sensitive skin is a sign that tells you the balance is off and is often displayed through itchy, dry and red skin conditions. Sensitive skin can also be a leading contribution to dry skin, blemished skin, acne or blackheads. If you have sensitive skin, you need to give it extra TLC to keep it calm and strengthening the skins barriers.
SOLUTION: The biggest solution for sensitive skin is rest. Any external factors can trigger off sensitive skin so it is important to get plenty of rest and remain calm. Selecting creams that are very natural in ingredients and preferably contains perfume-free products will aid to comfort sensitive skin, as fragrances can often cause skin irritation. Also, the use of hypo-allergenic softeners in your laundry would be recommended and when drying your skin use a dabbing method with a towel rather than rubbing.
Skin type 5: Mature skin
As we age, the skin’s structure and appearance changes due to reduced cell activity, slower regeneration, lower collagen production and / or damage caused by UV radiation. Mature skin often lacks moisture and elasticity, which can result in dry skin aswell. With innovative care products you can reduce lines, wrinkles and pigment spots. You can help to reduce or slow down the process of mature skin by using anti-ageing products such as day creams and night creams as early as possible.
SOLUTION: Ensure you use enough sun protection as too much UV radiation can make your skin age prematurely. Avoid lifestyle habits such as smoking, excessive alcohol and sugary food as this may accelerate the skins ageing process. Also invest in a good night cream, as your skin regenerates and restores whilst you sleep. Lathering on a good restorative day and night cream that contains plenty of retinoid and anti-ageing properties will help your skin. Finally be sure to use eye care creams as part of your daily routine, as this will protect the delicate eye area and help to smooth out fine lines.
Now that you know what your skin type is, we hope you will be able to easily find the most appropriate product for you. If you need any further assistance, we are always here to help. Pop an email to us at firstname.lastname@example.org or comment below.
Written by Anita Pillai – Director and Lead Makeup Artist
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